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A meta-analysis of 21 United States studies from 1979-2020 indicates a greater prevalence of ADHD among Black children than children of other races. This report sought to determine how race and other factors such as socioeconomic status relate to ADHD diagnosis, with the ultimate aim of providing guidance for culturally sensitive diagnosis and treatment.

The 21 studies surveyed indicate a pooled prevalence of ADHD of 14.54% in Black adults and 13.87% in Black children. In contrast, the prevalence rates for adults and children of other races with ADHD are all around 10% each.

Among Black youth, several risk factors for developing ADHD were identified, including the loss of a family member, low socioeconomic status, and preterm birth. The triggers of ADHD development were similar cross-racially, but it was found that Black children were presented with these triggers more frequently.

Although a more comprehensive comparative analysis of ADHD diagnoses by race is required, the present study does provide data that can be used to better understand the specific complexities that Black individuals with ADHD face [1].


[1] Hlavinka, E. (2021, March 25). Meta-Analysis: ADHD Diagnoses More Prevalent in Black Patients. MedPage Today. https://www.medpagetoday.com/psychiatry/adhd-add/88516

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