fbpx
Uncategorized

August 2020 Briefing – Diabetes & Endocrinology

By September 1, 2020No Comments

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Diabetes & Endocrinology for August 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Lung-Specific Risk Factors Linked to Hip Fracture in Smokers

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The addition of lung-specific risk factors into fracture risk assessment tools may more accurately predict hip fracture risk in smokers, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pandemic May Have Delayed Type 1 Diabetes Diagnoses

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many children may have delayed diagnosis of type 1 diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Losing Weight Before Midlife Cuts Mortality Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Weight loss from obesity to overweight between early adulthood through midlife is associated with a lower risk for early death compared with maintaining obesity, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Metabolic Syndrome Linked to Worse Outcomes in COVID-19

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a lethal outcome for patients with COVID-19, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guideline Updated for Nutrition in Chronic Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, Aug. 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The National Kidney Foundation and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics have updated the clinical practice guideline for nutrition in chronic kidney disease (CKD); the 2020 update was published as a supplement to the September issue of the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Abstract/Full Text

Patient-Reported Outcome Measure May Be Useful in Hemodialysis

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) can standardize symptom screening processes and improve symptom awareness for hemodialysis patients in routine clinical care, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Preterm Delivery Ups Risk for Premature Mortality in Mothers

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Preterm delivery is associated with an increased risk for premature mortality in women, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

Weight Loss May Lower Obesity-Related Cancer Risk in T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) may reduce the incidence of obesity-related mortality among individuals with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Type 2 Diabetes May Negatively Impact Bone Density in Youth

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Type 2 diabetes may negatively impact bone density around the age of peak bone mass, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Heart Events Observed for ~12 Percent of Adults Hospitalized With Flu

TUESDAY, Aug. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza, 11.7 percent have an acute cardiovascular event, according to a study published online Aug. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Advisory Panel Rejects Nearly All Proposals for Fetal Tissue Research

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A Trump administration advisory board to evaluate scientific research involving fetal tissue says 13 of 14 proposals should be rejected.

The New York Times Article

Longer Bisphosphonate Use May Up Atypical Femur Fracture Risk

THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Longer duration of bisphosphonate use is associated with an increased risk for atypical femur fracture, according to a study published in the Aug. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Poll: More Older Adults Using Telehealth During Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More older adults have used telehealth to consult with a health care provider during the COVID-19 pandemic compared with that seen in the previous year, according to a report published online Aug. 17 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

More Information

Bariatric Surgery Linked to Reduction in Mortality Rate

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Bariatric surgery is associated with a reduction in mortality, and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is effective for blood pressure (BP) control in patients with hypertension and obesity, according to two studies published online Aug. 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text – Doumouras (subscription or payment may be required)

Abstract/Full Text – Schiavon (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Recent Diabetes + Weight Loss Tied to Pancreatic Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Aug. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Recent-onset diabetes accompanied by weight loss is associated with a substantially increased risk for developing pancreatic cancer, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in JAMA Oncology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Some Doctors Endorse Thyroid Ultrasonography Unnecessarily

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A considerable proportion of physicians endorse use of thyroid ultrasonography for clinically unsupported reasons, according to a research letter published online Aug. 12 in JAMA Surgery.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Diabetes Cuts Life Expectancy in U.K. by 6 Million Life Years

MONDAY, Aug. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Mortality resulting from poorly controlled diabetes could be associated with a loss of 6 million life years in the United Kingdom, according to a study recently published in Cardiovascular Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lean Mass Lower in Survivors of Pediatric Abdominal, Pelvic Tumors

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Survivors of pediatric abdominal or pelvic tumors have lower lean mass in association with radiation doses and worse metabolic outcomes, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Racial, Ethnic Disparities in Flu Shot Seen at Dialysis Facilities

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For U.S. patients undergoing dialysis, the proportion receiving influenza vaccination is lower at facilities with higher proportions of Black and Hispanic patients, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract/Full Text

More Than One-Third of U.S. Children Consume Fast Food

FRIDAY, Aug. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than one-third of U.S. children and adolescents consumed fast food on a given day during 2015 to 2018, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC Updates Info on Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — As of July 29, there have been a total of 570 U.S. cases of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), according to research published in the Aug. 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text

Neonatal Adiposity Linked to Higher Childhood BMI Levels

THURSDAY, Aug. 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Higher neonatal adiposity is significantly associated with higher overall body mass index (BMI) levels at ages 2 to 6 years, according to a study published online Aug. 13 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Burnout Less Likely for Doctors in Minority Race/Ethnic Groups

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Compared with non-Hispanic White physicians, physicians in minority racial/ethnic groups are less likely to report burnout, according to a study published online Aug. 7 in JAMA Network Open.

Abstract/Full Text

Editorial

Bacterial Infections Increase Coronary Heart Disease Risk in T1DM

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Bacterial infections are associated with an increased risk for incident coronary heart disease (CHD) in individuals with type 1 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 4 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Guidance Helps Doctors Optimize Telemedicine for Seniors

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In an Ideas and Opinions article published online Aug. 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, guidance is provided for physicians to optimize telemedicine, which can be challenging for older patients.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Shared Decision Making Improves Youth Continuous Glucose Monitor Use

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Youth with diabetes who are involved with the decision to start continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) are more likely to continue using the technology, according to a study published online July 23 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Persistent Opioid Use Seen in ~10 Percent of Patients After Cardiac Surgery

TUESDAY, Aug. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Persistent opioid use is a common concern after cardiac surgery, according to a study published online June 17 in JAMA Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Expanding Medicaid in Holdout States Could Insure 3.9 Million

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Expanding Medicaid to all states could reduce the number of uninsured by 28 percent based on pre-COVID-19 data, according to a report released by the Urban Institute and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

More Information

Many U.S. Children Eligible for Type 2 Diabetes Screening

MONDAY, Aug. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many children are eligible for type 2 diabetes screening, but few test positive for prediabetes or diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in Pediatrics.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Life Expectancy 78.60 Years for U.S. Population for 2009-2011

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Life expectancy for 2009 to 2011 was 78.60 years for the total U.S. population, with the highest life expectancy for Hispanic women, according to the Aug. 7 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract/Full Text

Longer Bisphosphonate Drug Holiday May Up Fracture Risk

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In patients who have previously suffered a vertebral fracture, a longer bisphosphonate (BP) drug holiday is associated with an increased risk for major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs), according to a study published online in the September issue of Bone.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Short-Term Risk for Below-Knee Amputation Not Increased With SGLT2i

FRIDAY, Aug. 7, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with type 2 diabetes, sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors do not increase the risk for below-knee amputation compared with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Western Diet Tied to Adult Acne

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Western diets rich in animal products and fatty and sugary foods are associated with adult acne, according to a study published online June 10 in JAMA Dermatology.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

‘Freeze-All’ Strategy Not Superior to Fresh Embryo Transfer in IVF

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Fresh embryo transfer should be the gold standard for assisted reproduction among women with no immediate risk for ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in The BMJ.

Abstract/Full Text

CDC: More American Indian, Alaska Natives in Fair, Poor Health

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adults are more likely to be in fair or poor health than all U.S. adults, according to an August data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

Abstract/Full Text

Diabetes-Related Lower-Limb Amputations Up in Older Adults

THURSDAY, Aug. 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Since 2009, diabetes-related nontraumatic lower-extremity amputation (NLEA) has been increasing among older adults, according to a study published online July 28 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Up for Women With PCOS

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a research letter published online Aug. 2 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Abstract/Full Text

Rheumatoid Arthritis Linked to Lower Risk for Incident T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Compared with populations without rheumatoid arthritis (RA), RA is associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Plans Not Implementing Prior Authorization Reforms

WEDNESDAY, Aug. 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Physicians say prior authorization (PA) continues to interfere with patient care and can lead to adverse clinical consequences, according to the results of a survey released by the American Medical Association.

Press Release

Physician Survey

President Says Medicare Should Expand Telehealth Services

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — President Donald Trump signed an order on Monday that will broaden the role of telehealth for Medicare patients, the Associated Press reported.

AP News Article

Most Studies Still Fail to Analyze Data by Sex

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The effect of gender is still largely ignored in scientific studies, according to a study published online June 9 in eLife.

Abstract/Full Text

Remote Weight-Loss Program Optimized to Cut Costs, Maximize Results

TUESDAY, Aug. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A new, remote weight-loss program from Northwestern Medicine, called Opt-IN, yields maximum weight loss for the lowest price and less burden compared with the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), the current gold standard of behavioral, nondrug weight-loss programs, according to a study published online July 12 in Obesity.

Abstract/Full Text

Cost-Related Rx Nonadherence Highest in Young U.S. Women

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Cost-related prescription nonadherence is highest among younger U.S. women compared with individuals living in 10 other high-income countries, according to a report published in the August issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk for Acute Cerebrovascular Events Low in COVID-19 Patients

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For hospitalized COVID-19 patients, the risk for acute cerebrovascular events is low, according to a study published online July 20 in Stroke.

Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

38 Percent of Older Adults in U.S. Not Ready for Video Doctor Visits

MONDAY, Aug. 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) — An estimated 38 percent of all older adults in the United States are not ready for video visits with physicians, according to a research letter published online Aug. 3 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text