When compared to white Americans, Hispanic Americans are diagnosed with ADHD less frequently. When they are diagnosed with ADHD, they are often undertreated and unable to receive the care they need. This article shares two explanations for these disparities.
First, the U.S. Hispanic population is generally less informed about ADHD than the U.S. white population. Second, the medical community is often uninformed about cultural practices and perceptions prevalent across the diverse array of Hispanic communities in the U.S.
When surveyed, Hispanic Americans are more likely to be unfamiliar with ADHD, under- and misdiagnosed, have concerns about the label of ADHD, not adhere to medication usage, and have treatment issues due to a language barrier.
For healthcare providers to equitably treat this population, these issues must be addressed. Some possible solutions include increasing ADHD education and screening in Hispanic American communities, increasing medical interpretation services, diversifying the healthcare professions, and decreasing mental health stigma .
Source: Rothe, E. M. (2005). Considering cultural diversity in the management of ADHD in Hispanic patients. Journal of the National Medical Association, 97(10), 17-23. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2640625/