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Atopic dermatitis affects the mental health of adolescents, which in turn affects their psychological well-being.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an inflammatory, chronic, relapsing skin condition characterized by eczematous lesions and itching, negatively impacting quality of life. Asthma, allergies, allergic rhinitis, mental difficulties, and skin infections are all connected with AD. In the presence of chronic diseases such as AD, there is a higher chance of acquiring mental illnesses, such as anxiety and depression.

In light of this situation, the researchers conducted this study to discover the impacts of atopic dermatitis on adolescents’ mental health through scientific investigations. This study was published in Medical Sciences Forum.

Atopic Dermatitis Has a Variety of Mental Health Impacts

AD influences adolescents’ mental health, hence impacting their psychological well-being. Depression and high anxiety levels, low self-esteem, mood fluctuations, and behavioral abnormalities may be observed in adolescents with AD. Atopic dermatitis was highly connected with more difficulties, more emotional and conduct problems, and more signs of hyperactivity/inattention; adolescents with atopic dermatitis reported more peer interaction difficulties.

Atopic Dermatitis and Behavioral Issues

AD is associated with a greater likelihood of emotional disorders, behavioral issues, hyperactivity, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and peer relationship troubles in younger children.

Atopic Dermatitis and Sleeping Problems

Sleep disturbance is one of the most prevalent symptoms of AD and is connected with melancholy, anxiety, exhaustion, inattention, and impulsivity. Compared to adolescents without atopic pathologies,  adolescents with atopic diseases are more likely to suffer from sleep disturbances. Previous research has proven the link between sleep difficulties and adolescent suicide. Sleep pattern problems severely impact teenagers’ neurocognitive and emotional health, increasing their mental illness risk.

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Prioritizing Mental Health in Adolescent AD Patients

This study indicates the importance of implementing early intervention programs, including mental health screenings and professional follow-ups after a diagnosis. Mental health support in adolescents with AD should be a top concern for nursing teams and may even be the initial step in providing mental health support.

Source:

Teixeira, C., Garcia, M. J., Freitas, A., & Silva, H. (2022). Impact of Atopic Dermatitis on the Mental Health of AdolescentsLiterature Review. Medical Sciences Forum, 16(1), 8. https://www.mdpi.com/2673-9992/16/1/8