Although current treatments can decrease the rate at which age-related macular degeneration (AMD) progresses, they cannot reverse its progression to wet AMD. This article, published in the Journal of Clinical Medicine, identified risk factors for AMD with the aim of decreasing or delaying the development of AMD.
The authors explained that the risk factors for AMD include a poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and unprotected sunlight exposure to the eyes. Moreover, smoking is also associated with developing AMD. Finally, the intake of certain nutrients such as beta carotene, lutein, omega-3 fatty acids, zeaxanthin, and zinc can reduce the risk of early AMD development.
The authors concluded that although more research is needed in this area, optimizing these dietary and lifestyle factors may help decrease or delay AMD development .
Source: di Carlo, E., & Augustin, A. J. (2021). Prevention of the onset of age-related macular degeneration. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10(15), 3297. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10153297