Asmadroid® dramatically boosted users’ asthma cognizance levels. In this digital age, future asthma self-management apps could be a valuable and engaging instructional platform for asthmatic patients, particularly the younger generations of any society.
Asthma is a chronic medical disorder characterized by wheezing, intermittent shortness of breath, and chest tightness, often at night or early in the morning. When this non-communicable condition is activated, the airway lining becomes narrow, red, and swollen, resulting in breathing problems accompanied by a quick and forceful response of the muscles.
This randomized control trial, published in the Journal of Medicine and Life, investigates the effectiveness of the instructional material of the AsmaDroid® app on asthma knowledge levels among asthmatic patients.
The instructional content includes recognizing asthma, classifying asthma, recognizing and advising ways to avoid allergens, planning long-term asthma management, effectively managing asthma attacks, asthma self-monitoring, and maintaining health and well-being. The intervention used digital asthma self-management education with AsmaDroid® software. There were 70 participants; each was assigned to either a control group or a treatment group. Before and after a 4-week treatment, participants took the Asthma General Knowledge Questionnaire for Adults (AGKQA) pre-and post-tests.
In the therapy group, participants used the AsmaDroid® app for four weeks. During treatment, individuals used the app to learn asthma self-management. They also received program reminders. The control group did not receive the app and notifications but were encouraged to use books, posters, movies, and other media to educate themselves. Neither group differed in educational content.
Ultimately the study found that the control group scores decreased by 0.25 between the pre-test and post-test, with an average score of 19.04 on the pre-test and an average score of 18.79 on the post-test (p=0.474) In the intervention group, participants’ asthma knowledge considerably increased, with an average pre-test score of 19.11 and a post-test score of 23.60 (p=0.001).
The study concluded that the instructional component of the AsmaDroid® software significantly increased asthma knowledge levels among participants in the treatment group. Future asthma self-management apps could be a handy and appealing instructional platform for asthmatic patients, particularly the younger generations of any population, in this digital age.
More investigations are required to investigate the usefulness of such apps in the clinical setting.
Ghozali, M. T., Satibi, S., Ikawati, Z., & Lazuardi, L. (2022). The efficient use of smartphone apps to improve the level of asthma knowledge. Journal of Medicine and Life, 15(5), 625-630. doi:10.25122/jml-2021-0367